The physical facilities and scope of research programs have increased since the station's inception in 1904. The Delta Branch research facility now covers about 2,100 acres total. Row crops are grown on about 1,200 of these acres, and soil types vary from very fine sandy loams to heavy clays. Additionally, 275 acres are catfish research ponds. The nearby Delta Experimental Forest covers close to 2,700 acres of state land. More than 12,000 people visit the Stoneville research complex each year.
The DREC has a staff of 23 research scientists and over 100 support personnel. Its network of laboratories, offices, greenhouses, research, engineering, and maintenance shops, as well as its comprehensive library, create an integrated work environment.
The Charles W. Capps, Jr. Entrepreneurial Center, also located on the DREC campus, opened its doors in 2004. The Capps Center offers 18,000 square feet of meeting space, a 400 seat auditorium and distance learning capabilities.